The refugees from Constantinople who chiefly settled contributed greatly to local state of arts and sciences.

  1. Honestly, it couldn't have been done without the combined efforts of Western Europe, Southeastern Europe, and the Middle East. All three were absolutely necessary for the Renaissance, even if they didn't actually intend to work together on anything.

  2. This idea that the renaissance changed everything is quite stupid... the study of ancient greeks and latins started in the 14th century, and the renaissance happened in Italy for many reasons, for example because it was the most developed region in europe, and the center of catholic christianity

  3. I mean, Ireland kinda helped as well. General rule of thumb for ancient texts. If it's written in Greek, we got it from the Byzantines, if it's in Latin, we got it from Ireland

  4. The Abbasid caliphate had a lot of scientific and cultural advancement during its golden era and so many things line Algebra and the modern sciemtific method among other things like art etc were created there. However as Europe grew more wealthy and stable with the most notable place being northern Italy, the Abbassid caliphate grew ever more unstable from internal conflict and the eventual drying up of the silk road+Mongol invasion that led to more anti science intepretations of Islam gaining prominence as Abbasids and other Islamic empires increasingly tried to use the more anti science doctrine for political stabilisation as a less intelligent population was less of a threat in an already unstable empire which was the theory. The Ottomans upon their rise did also invest in a lot of stuff and came extremely powerful technologically in military through cannons, but corruption in the military, decreasing power of the Sultan and just general European superiority in Naval power like with the Portuguese containing the Ottomans naval power on the Indian sea led to them becoming increasingly isolated, with the Iranian mountains to the east, Morocco and Ethiopia in Africa, the Holy Roman Empire in Central Europe and the Russian Empire in eastern Europe. What had in the classical and medieval times been one of the most advantageous geographic positions on the Anatolian peninsula, became instead a trap as the Mediterranean turned from the center of the world to an isolated lake. Same destiny fell upon reunified Italy, as their geography trapped their opportunities for expansion.

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